Professor Fei Xiaotong (Fei Hsiao Tung 1910–2005) was a pioneering Chinese researcher and one of China’s finest sociologists and anthropologists, as well as a social activist. He was particularly noted for his studies of China’s ethnic groups. His works on these subjects were instrumental in laying a solid foundation for the development of sociological and anthropological studies in China and in introducing the social and cultural phenomena of China to the international community.
His publications in English include Peasant Life in China: A Field Study of Country Life in the Yangtze Valley (1939), Earthbound China: A Study of Rural Economy in Yunnan (co-authored 1945), China’s Gentry: Essays in Rural-Urban Relations (1953), From the Soil (Xiangtu Zhongguo, Shanghai: Guancha, 1948 (translated as From the Soil: The Foundations of Chinese Society, 1992), Chinese Village Close-Up (1983) and Small Towns in China (1986), Globalization and Cultural Self-Awareness (2010). All Fei’s Chinese publications are included in Fei Xiaotong Completed Works, 20 vols. (2010).
General Preface by ZHENG Hangsheng and Xiangqun Chang
Chapter one Towards a people’s anthropology
Chapter two China’s national minorities – an introductory survey
Chapter three On the social transformation of china’s national minorities
Chapter four Ethnic identification in China
Chapter five Modernization and national minorities in China
Chapter six Revisiting the mountains of the Yao people
Life in minority areas (pictorial)
National minorities and their distribution
About the book series and background
The ‘Understanding China and the World’ book series is edited jointly by the late Chinese sociologist ZHENG Hangsheng (1936–2014) and British–Chinese scholar Xiangqun Chang. The books deliberately reflect a new perspective on China, putting China in the context of globalization and inspiring comparative studies that enable non-Chinese to understand China and its place in the world. Towards a People’s Anthropology was published in 1981 and republished in 2018 by New World Press and jointly published with Global Century Press in 2018. Towards a People’s Anthropology is Vol. 1 of this book series, replacing Society Building, originally published in 2015/2016 as Vol. 1, which has now become part of the ‘Chinese Concepts’ book series.
The co-publisher of the present volume, New World Press (NWP), was founded in 1951, and is a member of the China International Publishing Group (CIPG). It publishes multilingual books on social sciences, literature, management and other disciplines that serve to introduce China to the world. As early as the 1980s, NWP published the ‘China Study’ series in English, covering China’s economy, politics, ethnicity, population, history, sociology and anthropology.
Front cover image: Boîte à lettres à jarre by François Bossière. Acrylic on canvas, 100 cm x 81 cm, 2007